Focus on making the competition irrelevant instead of focusing on beating the competition.
Redefine the problem itself. Instead of outpacing the competition by offering a better solution to the given problem
Eliminate and reduce the factors an industry competes on — save cost.
Raise and create elements the industry has never offered — lift buyer value.
Complete in existing market space
Exploit existing demand
Make the value-cost trade-off
Align the whole system of a firm’s activities with its strategic choice of differentiation or low cost
Create uncontested market space
Make the competition irrelevant
Create and capture new demand
Break the value-cost trade-off
Align the whole system of a firm’s activities in pursuit of differentiation and low cost
Create Blue Oceans
Tools and frameworks for creating and capturing blue oceans
The Strategy Canvas
Captures the current state of play in the known market — understand where the competition is investing, the factors the industry competes on in products, service, and delivery, and what customers receive.
The horizontal axis captures the range of factors the industry competes on and invests in.
The vertical axis captures the offering level that buyers receive across all these key competing factors. High score = company offers buyer more = invest more.
The value curve: graphic depiction of a company’s relative performance across its industry’s factors of competition.
Focus on alternatives rather than competition, on noncustomers rather than customers.
The Four Actions Framework
Which of the factors that the industry takes for granted should be eliminated? Eliminating factors that industry have long competed on even though they no longer have value
Which factors should be reduced well below the industry’s standard? Determine whether products or services have been overdesigned in the race to match and beat the competition
Which factors should be raised well above the industry’s standard? Uncover and eliminate the compromises the industry forces customers to make.
Which factors should be created that the industry has never offered? Discover entirely new sources of value for buyers and create new demand and shift the strategic pricing.
Three Characteristics of a Good Strategy
Focus pick a few criteria to excel on
Divergence stand apart, differentiate from industry’s average. Avoid me-too strategy.
Tagline deliver a clear message and advertise an offering truthfully. Southwest airline: The speed of a plane at the price of a car—whenever you need it.